International Journal of Accounting
Since the development of the eclectic paradigm by Dunning (1977, 1988, 1993), many studies have investigated different forms of location advantages that attract foreign direct investment (FDI). In this study, we consider accounting standards as a component of the institutional infrastructure of a location and hypothesize that the convergence of domestic and International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) promotes FDI as it reduces information processing costs for foreign investors.2 We also hypothesize that the effect of reduced information costs is stronger for partner countries whose accounting systems showed greater pre-convergence differences because they magnify the facilitating role of accounting standard convergence for FDI. Using bilateral FDI data from 30 OECD countries between 2000 and 2005, we find evidence generally consistent with these hypotheses.
China Journal of Accounting Research
Although the benefits of auditing are uncontroversial in developed markets, there is scant evidence about its effect in emerging economies. Auditing derives its value by increasing the credibility of financial statements, which in turn increases investors’ reliance on them in developed markets. Financial statement information is common to all investors and therefore increased reliance on it should reduce divergence in investors’ assessment of firm value. We examine the effect of interim auditing on inter-investor divergence with a large sample of listed Chinese firms and find that it decreases more for firms whose reports are audited compared to non-audited firms. This finding suggests that investors rely more on audited financial information. Results of this study are robust to variations in event window length and specification of empirical measures.