International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management
Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to test whether self-verification striving serves as an individual difference antecedent of emotional labor and explore whether various emotional labor tactics acted as mediatingmechanisms through which self-verification striving relates to employee outcomes. Design/methodology/approach - The sample used in this paper consisted of supervisor-subordinate dyads working in six hotels in South Korea and used multi-level analyses and the Monte Carlo method to test the research hypotheses presented in this paper. Findings - Self-verification striving was positively and directly related to job performance as well as two out of three forms of emotional labor (i.e. the expression of naturally felt emotions and deep acting). Selfverification striving also indirectly related to job satisfaction through the expression of naturally felt emotions and indirectly related to job performance through deep acting. Practical implications - The findings of this paper suggest that organizations should consider selfverification striving as an employment selection criterion and provide training programs to help their customer service employees engage in appropriate types of emotional labor. Originality/value - This paper is the first to explore the underlying mechanisms through which selfverification striving relates to employee outcomes. It also empirically bolsters the notion that expressing naturally felt emotions is an important means of authentic self-expression that positively contributes to job satisfaction. Further, the authors found that self-verification striving positively relates to job performance partially through deep acting. Moreover, they have shown that self-verification striving, as an individual differences variable, is an antecedent of different types of emotional labor.
This study examined how person–organization fit and friendship from coworkers combine to affect people’s self-verification, and how self-verification ultimately relates to employee outcomes (job performance and organizational citizenship behaviors). Based on a sample of 117 employee–supervisor pairs, multilevel analyses revealed a positive relationship between employees’ perceptions of person–organization fit and self-verification, and also showed that the relationship was facilitated by friendship from coworkers. Specifically, person–organization fit and self-verification perceptions were positively related when friendship from coworkers was high, but nonsignificant when friendship from coworkers was low. In addition, employees’ self-verification perceptions were positively and significantly associated with job performance and organizational citizenship behaviors. Our research suggests that enhancing person–organization fit and promoting friendship from coworkers in the workplace organizations can satisfy the basic human impulse to feel self-verified, and thus enhance employees’ positive work behaviors.
friendship from coworkers
organizational citizenship behaviors
Journal of Business and Psychology
To examine the linkage between employee core self-evaluation (CSE) and employee outcomes and the moderating effects of transformational leadership on the latter relationships. A survey with 546 matched supervisor–subordinate dyads representing six South Korean organizations. Hierarchical linear modeling was used to test the research hypotheses including the moderating effects. Employee CSE was positively associated with job satisfaction, affective organizational commitment, and job performance. In addition, the latter relationships were facilitated by transformational leadership. Specifically, the relationship between CSE and job satisfaction and affective organizational commitment became strongest as transformational leadership was higher rather than lower. These findings contribute to a developing research literature that integrates individual characteristics and behaviors of both leaders and followers in leadership research. These results are also important in developing and in refining leadership theories on how leadership behaviors interact with followers’ personality traits in influencing employee outcomes. Our findings also provide practical implications for organizations. For example, organizations wishing to enhance leadership effectiveness must consider individual characteristics and behaviors of both leaders and followers. One of few studies has examined the cross-level moderating effects of leadership behaviors on the relationships between followers’ CSE and employee outcomes.
Academy of Management Proceedings
This study examined the interactive effects of person Corganization (PO) fit and friendship centrality on self-verification perceptions, and the effects of self-verification perceptions on job performance and citizenship behaviors. Based on a sample of 135 employee supervisor pairs and on multilevel analyses, results revealed a positive relationship between PO fit and self-verification perceptions. However, the association between PO fit and self- verification perceptions was facilitated by friendship centrality. Specifically, the relationship between PO fit and self-verification perception was positive and significant when friendship centrality was high, but insignificant when friendship centrality was low. In addition, self-verification perception was positively and significantly associated with job performance and citizenship behaviors toward the organization and coworkers.
International Journal of Human Resource Management
Data obtained from subordinate–supervisor dyads (N = 314) of a large manufacturing company in South Korea were used to test a moderated mediation model of the processes linking person–organization (P–O) fit and employee work attitudes and behaviors. The results revealed that the influence of P–O fit on work attitudes and behaviors was indirect through perceived social exchange with organization. In addition, the relationship between P–O fit and perceived social exchange with organization was moderated by leader–member exchange (LMX) quality. Specifically, a high-quality LMX enhanced the positive effects of P–O fit on perceived social exchange with organization.
organizationally directed citizenship behavior
social exchange with organization