Multinational Business Review
The apparent onset of an era of anti-globalization creates significant challenges for international business practice, research and education. This paper discusses the implication of these challenges for international business scholarship.
Essay with critical assessment of the literature
I identify and analyze two sets of concerns of the anti-globalization movement: the unequal distribution of the benefits of globalization and emergent constraints on national sovereignty. On that basis offer suggestions how international business scholars may contribute to addressing these challenges through research, teaching and public engagement.
Businesses need to understand the economic and institutional arguments motivating the anti-globalization movement, and to address them within their scope of activity.
This paper offers a pathway for international business scholars to contribute to discourses on globalization and anti-globalization.
Asia Pacific Journal of Management
Globalization has been facing a backlash. By contrast, entrepreneurship has come to be seen as a panacea for economic development and generating jobs that are perceived to be under threat from globalization. In this Perspectives paper, our central argument is that globalization and entrepreneurship must be viewed holistically, recognizing that globalization is an enabler of important entrepreneurship outcomes. We argue that networks created as a byproduct of globalization facilitate various forms of entrepreneurship. Interpersonal networks (e.g., diasporas) facilitate transnational entrepreneurship which can, in turn, reduce institutional distance between locations. Interorganizational networks (e.g., MNE-orchestrated ecosystems) facilitate technology entrepreneurship which reinforces the institutional work that gives rise to new technological domains and fields. Intergovernmental and civil society networks facilitate social entrepreneurship which helps redress institutional voids. Thus globalization can be a force for good by enabling forms of entrepreneurship that enable important institutional change. We highlight the importance of paradox thinking, which is rooted in ancient Chinese philosophy, in transcending an either/or perspective of globalization and entrepreneurship.