Academy of Management Review
We present a theoretical model that attempts to generalize the conditions for alliance formation. This model is based on internal and external conditions of alliance formation: resource heterogeneity and competitive dynamics. We also introduce a game-theoretic model of alliance formation according to the net gains from an alliance and the prevention of losses that could occur from competitors' alliance activities. The model provides a theoretical insight on a paradoxical setting that some firms join an alliance despite little gains while others avoid or delay it despite potentially strong gains from the alliance.
ALLIANCES (International relations)
STRATEGIC alliances (Business)
Entorno socio-económico de los sistemas de salud. El entorno europeo. La sanidad en Latinoamérica y su entorno. Sistemas sanitarios: nuevos retos. Salud, capital humano y productividad. Sistema nacional de salud en España. Estudio de situación del sistema sanitario español. El objetivo de equidad. Sistemas de pago a proveed ores. Planificación de políticas sanitarias.
In this paper, the authors show that capitalism and double-entry bookkeeping are not indissociably interconnected as Sombart argued in his book in 1916. Indeed, the double-entry bookkeeping accounting system was also adopted by anti-capitalist countries where a new economic system was set up. A study of how accounting has changed with the economic transition in China helps us identify those "accounting features" required for a capitalist economy that clearly differ from those needed for the planned and centralized economy.