When saying sorry may not help: Transgressor power moderates the effect of an apology on forgiveness in the workplace
Scopus FT ABDC-A*
An apology, as an expression of remorse, can be an effective response from a transgressor to obtain forgiveness from a victim. Yet, to be effective, the victim should not construe the transgressor’s actions in a cynical way. Because low-power people tend to interpret the actions of high-power people in a cynical way, we argue that an apology (versus no apology) from high-power transgressors should be relatively ineffective in increasing forgiveness from low-power victims. We find support for this moderated mediation model in a critical incidents study (Study 1), a forced recall study (Study 2) among employees from various organizations and a controlled laboratory experiment among business students (Study 3).
These studies reveal the limited value of expressions of remorse by high-power people in promoting forgiveness.
2018，European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology
2020，Journal of Organizational Behavior
2017，Journal of Organizational Behavior
2017，Journal of Supply Chain Management
ESI Discipline：ECONOMICS & BUSINESS;