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Agency Beliefs Over Time and Across Cultures: Free Will Beliefs Predict Higher Job Satisfaction

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Abstract

In three studies, we examined the relationship between free will beliefs and job satisfaction over time and across cultures. Study 1 examined 252 Taiwanese real-estate agents over a 3-months period. Study 2 examined job satisfaction for 137 American workers on an online labor market over a 6-months period. Study 3 extended to a large sample of 14,062 employees from 16 countries and examined country-level moderators. We found a consistent positive relationship between the belief in free will and job satisfaction. The relationship was above and beyond other agency constructs (Study 2), mediated by perceived autonomy (Studies 2-3), and stronger in countries with a higher national endorsement of the belief in free will (Study 3). We conclude that free-will beliefs predict outcomes over time and across cultures beyond other agency constructs. We call for more cross-cultural and longitudinal studies examining free-will beliefs as predictors of real-life outcomes.

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[Feldman, Gilad] Univ Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China; Maastricht Univ, Maastricht, Netherlands

[Farh, Jiing-Lih] China Europe Int Business Sch, Shanghai, Peoples R China

[Wong, Kin Fai Ellick] Hong Kong Univ Sci & Technol, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China


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Source

Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin

ISSN:0146-1672

Year:2018

Issue:3

Volume:44

Page:304-317

ESI Discipline:PSYCHIATRY/PSYCHOLOGY;

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