Effects of Workplace Ostracism on Family Social Support: A Moderated Mediation Mode
Work and family are the important domains in one’s life. This research investigates the relationship between employees’ perceptions of workplace ostracism and their demonstration of family social support. Integrating social impact theory and self-verification theory, it provides a novel theoretical framework within which to examine the moderated mediation model of ostracism’s influence on individuals’ provision of family social support. In so doing, it focuses on the mediating role of personal reputation and the moderating role of job social support. The findings from a three-wave survey of 288 married employees and their spouses demonstrated that workplace ostracism exerts negative effects on an individual’s provision of family social support. This effect is mediated by the individual’s personal reputation. Job social support alleviates the relationship between personal reputation and family social support and the mediating effect of personal reputation on the relationship between workplace ostracism and family social support. This research offers both theoretical and managerial implications for the human resources field.