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A multidimensional perspective of SME internationalization speed: The influence of entrepreneurial characteristics

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Abstract

This paper contributes to a multidimensional perspective on the speed of SME internationalization. It examines the influence of entrepreneurial characteristics – experience, rationales and innovation strategies – on multiple dimensions of internationalization speed. Findings from a sample of 180 SMEs show that earliness, speed of deepening, and speed of geographic diversification can be viewed as three different strategic alternatives and that each dimension is predicted by a different set of entrepreneurial antecedents. Earliness of internationalization is associated with entrepreneurs’ international business experience and their perception of opportunities abroad as well as preference for an innovation strategy characterized by ambidextrous innovation. Speed of deepening is related to entrepreneurs’ international business experience, their orientation towards differentiation vis-à-vis competitors, and commitment to innovation and a strategy focusing on exploration. These results indicate the importance of distinguishing between different forms of innovation. Speed of geographic diversification is predicted only by entrepreneurs’ orientation towards differentiation vis-à-vis competitors.

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Author Community

[Hsieh, Linda] SOAS Univ London, Thornhaugh St,Russell Sq, London WC1H 0XG, England

[Child, John] Univ Birmingham, Birmingham Business Sch, Birmingham B15 2TT, W Midlands, England

[Narooz, Rose] Univ Glasgow, Adam Smith Business Sch, Glasgow G12 8QQ, Lanark, Scotland

[Elbanna, Said] Qatar Univ, Coll Business & Econ, POB 2713, Doha, Qatar

[Karmowska, Joanna] Oxford Brookes Univ, Oxford Brookes Business Sch, Headington Campus, Oxford OX3 0BP, England

[Marinova, Svetla] Aalborg Univ, Dept Business & Management, Fibigerstr 4, DK-9220 Aalborg, Denmark

[Puthusserry, Pushyarag] Univ Kent, Kent Business Sch, Canterbury CT2 7FS, Kent, England

[Tsai, Terence; Zhang, Yunlu] China Europe Int Business Sch, 699 Hongfeng Rd, Shanghai 201206, Peoples R China


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Source

International Business Review

ISSN:0969-5931

Year:2019

Issue:2

Volume:28

Page:268-283

ESI Discipline:ECONOMICS & BUSINESS;

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