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伦理型领导与团队任务绩效的关系研究:一个有调节的中介模型 The Relationship between Ethical Leadership and Team Performance: A Moderated Mediation Model

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Abstract

伦理型领导对团队绩效的影响是学术界和企业界共同关注的一个热点问题。以往研究基本上都是运用社会交换理论来解释这种影响,对社会交换所必需的认知和情境因素则重视不足。通过构建一个有调节的中介模型,探究圃队过程中基于信任视角的中介机制和基于价值观一致的调节机制,实证数据表明:伦理型领导正向影响团队绩效,员工对领导的信任在其中发挥完全中介作用;同时,道德认同对这一关系起调节作用,团队的道德认同水平越高,伦理型领导(经由员工对领导信任)对团队绩效的间接作用越强。

Team work mode creates more achievements than individual mode in today's enterprises and thus becomes ever more popular. However, ethical crisis in the team, once emerges, will significantly affect group outcome. The leader contributes to the team's morality so much that ethical leadership has become an important research subject these years. To make clear how much an ethical leadership would affect on the group performance seems both theoretically and practically meaningful. Previous studies usually use social exchange theory to explain the interaction between an ethical leader and his team members. Two shortcomings commonly exist in such researches. First, they mostly focus on the behavior mechanism rather than the cognition mechanism, leading to the neglect over the analysis on and digging into the trust mechanism. Second, they neglected the necessary situational condition in the social exchange process, i. e. , only when the two parties follow the same moral protocols will they be able to follow the mutual favored rules required by the social exchanges. To solve these problems, this research constructs a theoretical model and conducts empirical studies in respects of the mediation mechanism and the marginal conditions of an ethical leader's influences on group performances. We firstly, based on four possible explanations, hypothesize that ethical leadership enhances group task performance. Secondly, we reveal the mediation mechanism by introducing trust perspective. According to social exchange theory, reciprocity will happen in a mature social exchange relationship, whereas mutual trust is the key to ensure that such responsibility will be fulfilled. On one hand, ethical leaders have behavioral consistency with his words and benevolence toward others. These characters will affect team members' trust towards ethical leaders. On the other hand, trust towards leaders will enhance interpersonal interaction within team and improve employees' working attitude, and ultimately improve team performance. 

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[王端旭] 浙江大学管理学院

[皮鑫] 中欧国际工商学院


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Source

浙江大学学报:人文社会科学版

ISSN:1008-942X

Year:2018

Issue:1

Page:49-60

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