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Role-based paternalistic exchange: Explaining the joint effect of leader authoritarianism and benevolence on culture-specific follower outcomes

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Abstract

We propose a new construct-role-based paternalistic exchange, or followers' awareness of and engagement in a family-like exchange relationship with leaders that builds upon both leaders' parent-like role and followers' child-like obligation. We use this construct to explain the joint effect of leader authoritarianism and benevolence, the essential components of paternalistic leadership, on two culture-specific follower outcomes in Chinese settings: emic organizational citizenship behavior and deference to supervisor. Using three independent samples, we develop a unidimensional measure. We then employ another sample to test how leader authoritarianism and benevolence relate to role-based paternalistic exchange and, thereby, the two follower outcomes indirectly. Our results indicate that, in contrast to authoritarianism- or benevolence-dominant paternalistic leadership, classical paternalistic leadership (the balanced display of leader authoritarianism and benevolence) has the greatest potential to facilitate role-based paternalistic exchange, which, in turn, positively relates to the two follower outcomes. These results suggest that role-based paternalistic exchange advances our understanding of how paternalistic leadership enhances emic outcomes in Chinese settings.

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[Wang, An-Chih] China Europe International Business School

[Chen, Yanyu] Natl Sun Yat Sen Univ, Inst Human Resource Management, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

[Lin, Yi-Chieh; Hsu, Miao-Sui] Natl Sun Yat Sen Univ, Inst Human Resource Management, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

[Tsai, Chou-Yu] SUNY Binghamton, Bernard M & Ruth R Bass Ctr Leadership Studies, Binghamton, NY USA; SUNY Binghamton, Sch Management, Binghamton, NY 13901 USA


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Source

Asia Pacific Journal of Management

ISSN:0217-4561

Year:2020

Issue:Early Access

ESI Discipline:ECONOMICS & BUSINESS;

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